The main objective of this study is to compare the association between peer victimization and subjective health between children with a disability or chronic illness (D/CI)
This article uses data collected in the 2005–06 World Health Organization collaborative cross-national study, Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). A national representative sample of schools and classes was obtained in each participating country (cluster sampling design) to reach a minimum sample size of 1536 students per age group per country (target mean ages were 11.5, 13.5 and 15.5 years) to assure for prevalence estimates. Participation was anonymous, and voluntary consent was obtained from parents and students.
It can be inferred that the consensus of most Western countries about the importance of an inclusive education system and the higher level of inclusion of students with chronic conditions in mainstream education make it important to pay attention to the quality of inclusion. Health risk behaviours such as bullying are rarely studied among students with D/CI. In conclusion, research findings raise specific questions related to the schooling of students with D/CI in mainstream schools and may help guide educational policies at national or local levels to improve their inclusion.